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M1889 Meiji 22 Japanese Murata


GENERALLY:    The M1889 Japanese Meiji 22 Murata differes radically from its earlier predecessor Type 13, 16 and 18 Muratas in that it has an eight round Kropatchek type tubular magazine fitted with a magazine cut-off similar to that found on the M1886 Portugese Kropotchek and the Mod 71/84 German Mauser.  The Type 22  has a distinctive straight wrist one piece stock with a single barrel band and nose cap.  The magazine tube protrudes beyond the nose cap which, along with the nose cap mounted bayonet lug, received the cross guard ring of the bayonet.  The fore-end is partially checkered and the top of the barrel, from the sight to the barrel band, carries a short hand guard.   The rifle carries no external cleaning rod; instead  a sectional cleaning rod is carried in a trap door in the butt.  The rifle has a magazine cut-off lever which is located behind the bolt handle for use as a single shot.

Between 1888 and 1897 Tokyo Arsenal produced approximately 100,000 Type 22 Murata rifles.

PHOTO: The rifle shown is a second model Murata Type 22 (M1889).  It is below compared with a first model.

DISTINGUISHING CHARECTERISTICS:   Stamped profusely with Japanese Kanji charecters; tubular magazine, 8mm black power cartridge ammunition.

MISC NOTES:  For some mysterious (to me anyway) reason, missing bolt head are very common on Meiji 22 Muratas.  Rarely are they seen with the bolt heads.


    Japanese Murata Type 22 1st Model and 2nd Models compared.
   The 1st model is the top in each of these two photos:


 Note the cut-out on the bolt guide/locking rib on the 2nd Model, bottom photo.
   I have been unable to determine why this modification was made.


"Imperial Japanese Murata Rifle  Tokyo Arsenal Small Arms Factory"

Page first sketched out January 27, 1999
Revised September 21, 1999

Updated: Nov 5, 2021

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