M1867 and M1867/96 Danish Remington Rolling Block
GENERALLY: The Danes elected to license the Remington design for manufacture in Denmark at the Copenhagen arsenal, which they did in fairly large quantity. The Danish model first utilized a rimfire cartridge and that stayed in service well into the smokeless era. However, with the adoption of the 8mm M1889 Krag-Jorgensen the need to update or abandon the Remington became acute. In 1896 they were withdrawn from infantry service, converted to centerfire cartridge and issued to coast and fortress artillerymen. At that time a new much longer rear ladder sight was also fitted to the rifles. After World War II a large quantity were sold surplus back to the US where these type first entered civilian hands, being misleadingly sold in large quantity as .45-70 Rolling blocks!
PHOTO: The rifle shown is a M1867/96 Danish Remington Rolling Block, having been converted to centerfire and having the extraordinarily long backsight leaf .
DISTINGUISHING CHARECTERISTICS: Have we mentioned the long backsight leaf? At 3 1/4 inches it's quite long :). Left receiver flat is stamped with a Crown over the royal cypher over the marks M-1867. The right receiver wall is generally bare and the upper tang is marked Kjobenhavns Toihuus 18xx (Copenhagen Arsenal date of manufacture). Centerfire converted rifles chamber a cartridge near to the US Govt. .45-70, the 11.7x51R, a bit shorter and a bit larger. A .45-70 will function but will expand at the base and may over crimp at the neck, not safe conditions. The rimfire cartridge was somewhat shorter but usable in the converted rifles. In fact, after conversion, the rifle could fire either rimfire or centerfire ammunition. See bottom picture, below, for more details.
This beautiful Danish M1867/96 has had it's buttstock replaced.
(photo courtesy of Jim in New Zealand @ email@example.com (BP Express))
The very long rear sight is evidence of the 1896 conversion, when these rifles
were withdrawn from front line infantry use and issued to coastal artillary units.
Unit marking disk. On this example the disk is unmarked.
As mentioned in the general text above, the Danish model first utilized a rimfire cartridge which stayed in service well into the smokeless era. This created a potential compatibility problem, rimfire cartridges won't fire in a certral fire rifle, and center-fire cartridges won't operate in a rimfire rifle. WELL ...... if you look carefully above, you will see that the breech block of the Danish Remington Rolling Block has TWO firing pin holes, one for center fire and one at the bottom of the breech block face for rimfire. The firing pin is fairly easily reversible, for use of the rifle with whatever (rimfire or central fire) ammunition is available.
The first 30,000 Danish Rolling Blocks were Danish built on Remington made actions. Thereafter they were constructed under license in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Top rifle above and below was built at the Copenhagen Arsenal, 1874.
Bottom rifle above and below was built by Denmark on a Remington made action.
Sparse markings on a Remington Action M1867/96 Danish Rolling Block
Page built June 8, 1997
Revised February 1, 1999
Added pics & text January 6, 2001
Updated: Oct 29, 2021