M1869 Russian Albini-Baranov


(drawings courtesy of Eduardo Fontenla, Rosario-Argentina)

Figure 80 The breech block open.

Below:  The Belgium Albini-Braedlin, with which the Baranov is compared:


GENERALLY:  The Russian Baranov is a nearly exact copy of the Belgium Albini-Braendlin, built in Russia under license.  I have never seen an example but I am told that it is a very close copy, which these drawing certainly support.  I have no clue how it is proofed or otherwise marked and would welcome any information from any knowledgeable reader.  Thank you.
(I have received additional background information from a web correspondent in Russia.  Please see below)

PHOTO: The rifle shown in the drawing is a M1869) Russian Baranov Infantry Rifle.  The rifle shown in the photograph above for comparison is a Belgian M1868 Albini-Braendlin.

DISTINGUISHING CHARECTERISTICS:  copy of the Belgium Albini-Braendlin beyond that, I do not know.

MISC NOTES:  Text in RED are translations of the Russian notations courtesy of, and with sincere appreciation to, S. J. Zielinski.

I received the following letter from Vlads Rybalko, for which I am very grateful:

From: vlads@students.soros.karelia.ru (Vladimir A. )
To: kdcolospgs@aol.com

       About Baranov rifle. N. Baranov (1836 - 1901) made his rifle in1865. Baranov rifle is not a version of Krnka 1869, it had a quite different lock mechanism, very similar with Albini (Belgium Albini-Braendlin).  The Baranov had the similar front-hinged lock, hammer-striker joined assembly for locking and firing. Sometimes the rifle is mentioned as Albini-Baranov.  The Krnka lock appeared in Russia in 1869. Both locks were intended for use in the programme of conversion muzzle loading Russian 6-lines (.60) rifle (1856) into breech-loading. During the government competition in 1869, the Krnka lock proved to be
more reliable and easier to be made.  Both rifles had the same barrels, rifling and bullets. Baranov used cartridges designed by Fusnot, Krnka used ones by Berdan. After the competition, the manufacture of Baranov rifles was stopped. But about 10 000 rifles were already made. Afterwards they were used in Russian Navy. ( Information from a Russian book "Small Guns" by V.Markevitch ).

Vlads  from Russia

(Editor's note:  My sources refer to the Krnka as a Model 1867 conversion of the M1857 6-line rifle.  Mr. Rybalko refers to is as Model 1869.  I do not know why the discrepency)


Figure 79 The rifle Albini - Baranov. View from above.


 Figure 81 Longitudinal cross-section


Figure 82 Lock.

Page started March 10, 1999
Revised April 15, 1999
Revised February 19, 2000

Updated: Nov 7, 2021